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ELGILOY SPECIALTY METALS

Wire – 316/316L Stainless Steel Alloy

Wire – 316/316L Stainless Steel Alloy

316/316L Stainless Steel Alloy

UNS S31600/S31603
W.Nr 1.4401/1.4404

Applications

Exhaust manifolds, furnace parts, heat exchangers, jet engine parts, pharmaceutical and photographic equipment, valve and pump trim, tubing, chemical equipment, digesters, tanks, evaporators, paper and textile processing equipment, food processing equipment, and marine atmosphere parts.

Description

Type 316 is an austenitic chromium nickel stainless steel containing molybdenum. This addition increases general corrosion resistance, improves resistance to pitting from chloride ion solutions, and provides increased strength at elevated temperatures. Properties are similar to those of Type 304/304L except that this alloy is somewhat stronger at elevated temperatures. Corrosion resistance is improved, particularly against sulfuric, hydrochloric, acetic, formic and tartaric acids; acid sulfates and alkaline chlorides. Type 316L is an extra-low carbon version of Type 316 that minimizes harmful carbide precipitation during welding.

Industries Supplied

Aerospace, Chemical Processing, Food Processing, Power Generation, General Manufacturing

Nominal Composition

C: 0.07 max
Mn: 2.0 max
Si: 1.00 max
P: 0.045 max
S: 0.030 max
Ni: 10.5 – 13.5
Cr: 16.5 – 18.0
Mo: 2.0 – 2.50
N: 0.10 max
Fe: Bal max

Physical Properties

Density: 0.285 lb/in3, (8.00 g/cm3)

Modulus of Elasticity (E):
At 70°F (20°C): 28.0 x 103 ksi (193 GPa)

Modulus of Rigidity (G):
At 70°F (20°C): 10.1 x 103 ksi (70 GPa)

Coefficient of Expansion:
9.2 µin/in-°F (70-212°F)
16.6 µm/m-°C (20-100°C)

Electrical Resistivity: 29.1 µohm-in, (74.0 µohm-cm)

Thermal Conductivity: 9.4 Btu-in/ft2-hr-°F (212°F), 16.2 W/m-°C (100°C)

Applicable Specifications

Wire & Bar: ASTM A276, A313, A478, A493

Typical Mechanical Properties

  • 316 Annealed
    • Heat Treatment: 1900-2050°F (1038-1121°C)
    • Tensile Strength: 105 ksi max  (724 MPa)
    • Suggested Operating Conditions: -200°F to 1700°F (-184°C to 927°C)
  • 316L Annealed
    • Heat Treatment: 1900-2050°F (1038-1121°C)
    • Tensile Strength: 100 ksi max  (690 MPa)
    • Suggested Operating Conditions: -200°F to 1700°F (-184°C to 927°C)
  • 316/316L Spring Temper
    • Heat Treatment: Stress relieve 900°F (482°C)
    • Tensile Strength:
      ≤.105” dia. 200-275 ksi (1380-1895 MPa)
      >.105” ≤.250” dia. 150-225 ksi (1035-1550 MPa)
      >.250” ≤.625” dia. 125-170 ksi (860-1170 MPa)
    • Suggested Operating Conditions:-200°F to 550°F (-184°C to 288°C)

For further information Contact:

Email: wireinquiries@elgiloy.com
Phone: 1 847 695 1900
Elgiloy Specialty Metals – Wire Products
356 N.Cross Street
Sycamore, IL 60178 USA

Limitation of Liability and Disclaimer of Warranty:
• The content in these data sheets is provided primarily by third-party melting mills and is provided for reference only. It is not intended for engineering or design.
• Applications may be discussed, however, Elgiloy Specialty Metals, a Division of Combined Metals of Chicago L.L.C., does not recommend or endorse any material for any particular end use or application.
• The data included in this data sheet are typical values and may vary.
• Elgiloy Specialty Metals, a Division of Combined Metals of Chicago L.L.C., makes no representations or warranties, express or implied, as to the accuracy, completeness, condition, suitability, performance, fitness for a particular purpose, or merchantability of any information contained in any data sheet.
• In no event will Elgiloy Specialty Metals, a Division of Combined Metals of Chicago L.L.C., be liable for any damages whatsoever arising from the use of the information included in the data sheets.